Cardiac Sciences (Cardiology & Cardiac Surgery) - Paediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery
An introductionPaediatric cardiaothoracic surgery is sugery for congenital heart defects [defects at birth]. The incidence of congenital heart defects is 8 per 1000 live births. Paediatric cardiac surgery deals with closed and open heart surgeries. Closed heart surgery is a procedure without the heart lung machine. Paediatric cardiac surgery is an unique speciality as it deals with very small children and newborns with major heart defects.the surgeries are very complex, demanding and needs great dextrity for good results.the other important factor is that children with heart defects are very fragile with a narrow margin of safety. We at indraprastha apollo hospital provide a comprehensive treatment for congenital heart defects.our department has been named as paediatric cardiology and cardiac surgery [pccs] and has a cardiac surgeon, cardiologist, peadiatric anesthesiologist and a peadiatric intensisvist. This team provides a comprehensive management is and all areas of the speciality. We perform cardiac cath procedures which are diagnostic and therapeutic.common definitive procedures done at the cath lab are device closure of pda and asd. The surgical side performs all cardiac procedures on newborns; infants and children.the results of this department is definitely comparable to any other international organisation of similar stance.
Services provided:Common closed heart surgeries are
Pda ligation, Repair of coarctation of aorta [blockage of major blood vessel of the body], Shunt operations [to improve blood flow to the lungs to enhance oxygenation, these are generally palliative procedures], Vascular rings.Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals Delhi, India Open heart surgeries involves the use of heart lung machine. The heart is temporarily stopped and procedures are performed on the heart or inside the heart.Common open heart surgeries areClosure of defects in the heart[hole on the heart] such as atrial septal defect[asd], ventricular septal defect[vsd]. Other common open heart surgeries ate repair of tetralogy of fallot and More complex heart procedures such as arterial switch operation for transposition of great arteries, Repair of truncus arteriosclerosis anomalous pulmonary venous drainage. Heart surgeries also involves multi staged operations for single ventricle phusiology. Finally, congenital heart surgery also involves surgey for heart failure which includes lv assist devices and heart,heart-lung transplantation.